Archive for October, 2008

Cyprus – travel guide with tips for your holiday

Cyprus has a coastline of approximately 648 km in length and includes various natural areas. Landscaped, it will be shaped by two mountain ranges and an intermediate level. In the northeast, the island narrows to Karpasia peninsula (Karpas), the far east, toward the Syrian coast, vorspringt. Large parts of the country, the Messaria (Greek: between the mountains) a; it is a fruitful level and is the main cultivation and settlement area of the island It extends from the west to the east coast and is in the north and south of Mountain ranges limited. In the north stands the chain of the Kyrenia mountains (up to 1 019 meters high), which runs parallel to the coast and in some cases up to the sea. The Troodos Mountains takes almost the entire southwestern part of the island. This mountain chain, with the Olympos (1 951 meters) the highest peak of the island, is of volcanic origin.

Many rivers of Cyprus is not year-round water. In the spring of guided some rivers by the winter rain water into the herrührenden Messaria level, but fall in summer and autumn dry. The Pedias is 100 kilometers the longest river. On the island there are some freshwater lakes and two large saltwater lakes. There are also some artificial reservoirs, where rainwater as drinking water is stored. To the drinking water especially in the summer to assist you in Cyprus at various points seawater desalination plants built.

In Cyprus is a Mediterranean climate, in comparison to other islands in the Mediterranean, but more continental conditions. The temperature differences during the year are relatively high. The summers are hot and mostly dry during the winter, especially in higher elevations cold and snowy can be. The average annual temperature is 20.6 ° C. In the capital, Nicosia, the mean temperatures in January at 10 ° C in July at 28.5 ° C. During the summer the eastern direction from prevailing winds to a pronounced drought, are predominant in the winter westerly winds usually very moist. With approximately 1 000 millimeters annual rainfall, the higher mountains of the rainy richest areas of the island dar.

About one seventh of the country’s area is covered by forests; dominant trees are pines, cypresses and cedars. More trees are trees, oaks, oil and carob trees and juniper. For afforestation have been widely planted Aleppokiefern. The forests are located mainly in the mountainous regions. Garigue bush and are the most widespread plant societies of the hill country. Parts of Karpasia peninsula are virtually free of vegetation.