Separatist movements in Cyprus

To understand under what conditions and is of separatism as it comes to ethnic conflicts and, in principle, which means that violence is a means to achieve the objective should be to analyze stories Cyprus from the beginning. It should be noted also that Cyprus is one of the last episodes fight Christians and Muslims in the Mediterranean and one of the last traces of the Turkish expansion in Europe.

Greeks live longer Cyprus from the thirteenth century BC For more than 2 thousand. years, this island was under the influence of Greek culture, Roman and Byzantine. In 1191 have been seized on by krzyżowców, which led to its separation from Prawosławnej Greece. In 1570 the Turks conquered the island. Settled there, people totally different from indigenous, which quickly and adjusted asymilowała to the ethnic structure of the island. The Turks do not want to drive systematic islamizacji forced or busy area. Nevertheless, the Cypriots took a significant part of the faith, not to be perceived as second-class population. For nearly 300 years of rule by Turks brought to a partial collapse and depopulation. This has led to dissatisfaction on the part of the Greeks, who in 1821 wzniecili uprising. Turkey has ordered the retaliation hang Patriarch of Constantinople at the gate of his house, and the Archbishop of Istanbul on a tree on the market in Nicosia. In addition, 3 were killed and 400 bishops notabli greckocypryjskich. As a result of these actions began to spread that idea to join Cyprus to Greece, namely Enosis (Megha idea).



Cyprus is the island country located in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea, 70 km from the coast of Turkey. Kyrenia mountain chain (Pentadaktilos) in the north reaches a height of 1000 m, extends to the south of Troodos massif, much broader. which is the highest peak of Mount Olympus (1953 m). Between the two mountain chains is low Mesariá. By passing the island only periodic river.

Cyprus – travel guide with tips for your holiday

Cyprus has a coastline of approximately 648 km in length and includes various natural areas. Landscaped, it will be shaped by two mountain ranges and an intermediate level. In the northeast, the island narrows to Karpasia peninsula (Karpas), the far east, toward the Syrian coast, vorspringt. Large parts of the country, the Messaria (Greek: between the mountains) a; it is a fruitful level and is the main cultivation and settlement area of the island It extends from the west to the east coast and is in the north and south of Mountain ranges limited. In the north stands the chain of the Kyrenia mountains (up to 1 019 meters high), which runs parallel to the coast and in some cases up to the sea. The Troodos Mountains takes almost the entire southwestern part of the island. This mountain chain, with the Olympos (1 951 meters) the highest peak of the island, is of volcanic origin.

Many rivers of Cyprus is not year-round water. In the spring of guided some rivers by the winter rain water into the herrührenden Messaria level, but fall in summer and autumn dry. The Pedias is 100 kilometers the longest river. On the island there are some freshwater lakes and two large saltwater lakes. There are also some artificial reservoirs, where rainwater as drinking water is stored. To the drinking water especially in the summer to assist you in Cyprus at various points seawater desalination plants built.

In Cyprus is a Mediterranean climate, in comparison to other islands in the Mediterranean, but more continental conditions. The temperature differences during the year are relatively high. The summers are hot and mostly dry during the winter, especially in higher elevations cold and snowy can be. The average annual temperature is 20.6 ° C. In the capital, Nicosia, the mean temperatures in January at 10 ° C in July at 28.5 ° C. During the summer the eastern direction from prevailing winds to a pronounced drought, are predominant in the winter westerly winds usually very moist. With approximately 1 000 millimeters annual rainfall, the higher mountains of the rainy richest areas of the island dar.

About one seventh of the country’s area is covered by forests; dominant trees are pines, cypresses and cedars. More trees are trees, oaks, oil and carob trees and juniper. For afforestation have been widely planted Aleppokiefern. The forests are located mainly in the mountainous regions. Garigue bush and are the most widespread plant societies of the hill country. Parts of Karpasia peninsula are virtually free of vegetation.

Famagusta District

Famagusta District is one of the six districts of Cyprus. Its main town is the island’s most important port, Famagusta. Fagamusta is currently controlled by the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus which is only recognized by Turkey.

A district administration in “exile” exists on the Republic of Cyprus controlled part of the island. This part of the district has a population of 37,738 inhabitants (2001).


Lemesos, still known to many as Limassol (Limasol in Turkish), is one of Cyprus’ most underrated cities. Modelled on what seems to be an American seaside cityscape, the long stretch that is Lemesos has its busy main road running across the entire city, with cafés, shops, restaurants and general life going on to the north, while a long, mediocre but popular beach is lapped by the Mediterranean to the south

When to Go

The best time to go to Cyprus depends on the kind of experience you wish to have. With its intense Mediterranean climate, the island’s weather is easy to predict. The summer months of June to September are hot and action-packed. August in particular is the peak of Cyprus’ tourist season, when locals squeeze up next to tourists on beaches and restaurant benches. Accommodation prices go up quite a lot during these months so if you’re on a budget, avoid the height of summer and go for the shoulder seasons – April/May and September/October – instead.


Nicosia, known locally as Lefkosia (Greek: Λευκωσία, Turkish: Lefkoşa), is the capital and largest city of Cyprus. It is located at 35°10′N, 33°21′E. Located on the River Pedieos and situated almost in the center of the island, it is the seat of government as well as the main business center. Nicosia is the capital of the Nicosia District.

Following the intercommunal violence of the 1960s, the capital was divided between the island’s Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities in the south and north respectively. An attempted coup to unite the island with Greece in 1974 led to a Turkish invasion, leaving the capital divided since then, with Turkish Cypriots claiming the north as the capital of their own state, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) (recognised only by Turkey). On 3 April 2008, as part of efforts to reunify the island, a symbolic wall dividing the two communities at Ledra Street was opened.

South of the Green Line, the population of the city is 270,000 (late 2004), while a further 84,893 live in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.[1] Nicosia is important commercially with many shops, two modern shopping malls, restaurants and entertainment. The city is a trade centre and manufactures textiles, leather, pottery, plastic, and other products. Copper mines are nearby. Nicosia is the seat of the University of Cyprus (UCY) and four other universities.